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 5 Photovoltaics,Batteries, Cable and Wire     7 48 volt D.C. fluorescent lights     8 Low Voltage DC Lights  Glossary of Alternative Energy Terms    CHARGE CONTROLLERS    36 Solar Converters Special Solar and Battery Charging Equipment    37 TriMetric Battery System Monitors and Deltec Co. shunts    38 Timers,Linear Current Boosters,Photoswitch,Voltage Controlled Switches    39 Battery Desulphator by Solar Converters, Inc.    42 QuickCable links to instock products    48 DC Fuses, Holders & Fuse Blocks    56 Special Order Lenses for Thin-Lite Fluorescent Lights    57 Thin-Lite Special Order replacement ballasts    58 Special Order Lenses for Thin-Lite LED Lights    BATTERY POST & TERMINAL CONNECTIONS,  ADAPTERS AND BATTERY ACCESSORIES    62 Heat Shrink Tubing & Cable Lugs by QuickCable        67 Anderson SB Connectors    72 Iota Engineering Battery Chargers / Converters      73 SAE Connectors, Plugs, Sockets & Cords    75 DC to DC Voltage Converters & Dimmers by Solar Converters    76 Universal Generator Starter switch by Solar Converters    79 Thin-Lite Ballast Wiring Layouts    81 TriMetric 2030 and SC-2030 Wiring Layout   
At the bottom of this page is a list of page links to every page in our website.

9/3/16

To find an item in our website please click on the following link:

We DO ship to P.O. Boxes.

We ship to the lower 48 States, Alaska, Hawaii, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands only.

Please see the following for:



For questions or to order by phone please call:
(562) 423-4879


80 Wire & Cable Gauges and Information
There is a lot of confusion about the different wire gauges
and how they relate to each other.

We will try to simplify the wire sizes and talk about the
construction of wire and cables.

In the U.S., wire sizes are referred to by their
American Wire Gauge.
Do not use the outside diameter of insulated wire or cable
to determine the wire gauge size - different wires have different
insulation thicknesses.

The following link will take you to a table on this page showing
approximate wire gauges and their diameter.

On this page we will be concerned with "stranded" wire which
has many individual conductors and not "solid" wire which has a
single conductor.   

Insulated wire and cable are made up of two components, the
copper which carries the current and the insulating jacket which  
protects against short circuits.

Conductors:

The individual small wires are called strands.
The more the strands in a given wire gauge, the smaller they will
be and the more flexible the wire or cable is.

As an example, large gauge building wires have less strands (which
makes them a larger diameter per strand) than does welding
cable (which has bundles of very fine strands).
Building wire is very stiff and is unsuitable for low voltage direct current,
mobile and battery based applications.
On the other hand, welding cable is very supple and is much easier to
install. It also costs more than the same gauge of building wire.

Fine strand cable has the strands in a single or multiple bundles.
When you strip fine stranded wire, such as welding cable, the strands
can puff up and expand.
They are compressed by the insulating jacket.

The order of flexibility from the least flexible to the most would be:
building wire followed by battery wire and then welding cable.

Heavy building wire usually does not require very sharp bends, is
used for 120 volts a.c. or higher and vibration is not a concern.
Battery cable may require very sharp bends under the hood, carries
high amperage low voltage d.c. and can be subject to constant vibration
which would damage connections if a stiffer cable were used.
Welding cable carries high amperage at low voltage a.c. or d.c., and
is very supple so the welder can move it around without being fatigued.
Portable power cable is specially designed for rough handling and
high flexibility.

Insulation / jackets:

The type of insulation a cable has usually determines what kind of
environment it can be used in.

One example is type UF (underground feeder), in many cases it
can be buried in the ground (direct burial) because of the jacket
thickness material it is made of. Some UF cables have ultraviolet
resistant insulation.

Another kind is Tray Cable. The tray cables I have used have a thick
jacket with a UV block for outside use as well as a nylon cord against
the insulated conductors for mechanical strength. This allows them to be
used in aerial installations.

The 2 ga. Portable Power Cable we have in a couple of our systems has
a thin inner jacket and a very thick outer jacket. The thickness of both
jackets total about 3/8".
The insulation material also plays a key role in the applications the cable
can be used in.
Different insulation materials have different dielectric strengths (the
maximum voltage that the insulation can handle).
Temperature can affect the dielectric rating of the jacket. Many wires and
cables have two temperature ratings (usually in degrees C), one in a dry
environment and one in a wet environment (which is lower).
We have some 10 ga. single conductor wire here which is marked
"USE - 2". It is underground service entrance rated wire.
The "- 2" gives it a higher temperature rating in a wet environment.

 
AWG
Approximate
Diameter
in inches
0000
(4/0)
0.4600
000
(3/0)
0.4096
00
(2/0)
0.3648
0
(1/0)
0.3249
1
0.2893
2
0.2486
4
0.2043
6
0.1620
8
0.1285
10
0.1019
12
0.0808
To see QuickCable's wire and cable videos please click
onto the following link:



 Back to Top                                 



 
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The Verisign cart offers: Priority Mail and UPS Ground shipping options
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2) We accept telephone and fax orders and accept Mastercard and Visa.

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     You can print out the order form on our website or just list the description
     and catalogue numbers of the items you need.


 1 Site Search - Quick Index   |    2 The Realities of Purchasing On-Line   |    3 Why Do Business With Us?   |    4 Distributor of IOTA Engineering, Quick Cable and Thin-Lite products   |    5 Photovoltaics,Batteries, Cable and Wire   |    6 Lumen Outputs of Compact Fluorescent and Incandescent Lights   |    7 48 volt D.C. fluorescent lights   |    8 Low Voltage DC Lights   |    9 Why buy Thin-Lite lights?   |   10 Thin-Lite Emergency Survival Disaster LED lights   |   11 DC Compact Fluorescent Screw-in Ballasts & Tubes   |   12 Educational Pages On This Site.   |   13 Balanced Battery Charging and Dis-Charging by IOTA   |   14 Portable & Emergency Fluorescent Light by Flexcharge   |   15 DC Fluorescent Inverter Ballasts by IOTA Engineering and Montana Light     |   16 Charge Controller Musings   |   17 Bogart Engineering SC-2030 Solar Charge Controller   |   18 PV Solar charge controllers with night lighting load by Flexcharge   |   19 Thinlite Indoor Fluorescent Lights   |   19 A - LED Lighting by Thin-Lite   |   20 Thinlite Outdoor Lights   |   21 Thinlite Replacement Ballasts   |   22 Thinlite Replacement Lens - Diffusers   |   23 Thinlite DC Lighting Products   |   24 DC Lighting   |   Glossary of Alternative Energy Terms   |   25 Parallel and Series Battery Bank Information   |   26 What we sell and why.   |   27 Amps Volts and Watts   |   CHARGE CONTROLLERS   |   28 Emergency and Disaster Preparedness Notes   |   29 Photovoltaic Module & System Wiring - Setting Up A PV System   |   30 Wind - Hydro - Solar Charge Controllers by Flexcharge   |   31 Water and Air Heating Diversion Loads for Charge Controllers   |   32 Maximum Power Point Tracking Solar Charge Controllers by Solar Converters   |   33 Solar Converters, Inc. Charge & Lighting Controllers   |   34 SES Flexcharge Solar Single or Dual Battery Charge Controllers   |   35 Thin-Lite ballast replacement installation guide   |   36 Solar Converters Special Solar and Battery Charging Equipment   |   37 TriMetric Battery System Monitors and Deltec Co. shunts   |   38 Timers,Linear Current Boosters,Photoswitch,Voltage Controlled Switches   |   39 Battery Desulphator by Solar Converters, Inc.   |   40 Solar Converters, Inc. Products   |   41 SES Flexcharge Products   |   42 QuickCable links to instock products   |   43 Thin-Lite products we stock     |   44 DC Fuse & Circuit Breaker Types & Installation   |   45 Switches - DC rated wall switches   |   46 IOTA Engineering IQ4 Smart Charge Controller Owners Manual   |   47 Our own alternative energy systems   |   48 DC Fuses, Holders & Fuse Blocks   |   49 Class T- DC Fuses & Fuse Blocks   |   50 ANN - ANL - CNL DC Fuses & Fuse Blocks   |   51 Inverter Cable and Overcurrent Protection Guide   |   52 Installation and trouble shooting low voltage d.c. lighting   |   53 Diodes - Blocking & Bypass, What do they do?   |   54 Low Voltage D.C. Lighting Tips   |   55 Your On-Line Privacy   |   56 Special Order Lenses for Thin-Lite Fluorescent Lights   |   57 Thin-Lite Special Order replacement ballasts   |   58 Special Order Lenses for Thin-Lite LED Lights   |   BATTERY POST & TERMINAL CONNECTIONS,  ADAPTERS AND BATTERY ACCESSORIES   |   59 Battery Post Marine Conversions & Terminal Extensions   |   60 Battery Post Connectors Conversions Adapters Repair   |   61 Battery Terminal & Post - Cable Lug Covers & Protectors   |   62 Heat Shrink Tubing & Cable Lugs by QuickCable       |   63 Cable Lugs - Compression Connectors - No Crimping & No Soldering   |   64 Heavy Duty Cast Copper Connectors - Lugs   |   65 Cable Lugs - Copper Connectors  - by Quick Cable - MAX   |   66 Cable Lugs - Magna Lug Heavy Duty & Fusion by QuickCable   |   67 Anderson SB Connectors   |   68 Anderson SB Connector Accessories   |   69 Solar Converters Special Order Items   |   70 Thin-Lite LED and Fluorescent Comparisons   |   71 Overview of Our Photovoltaic Systems   |   72 Iota Engineering Battery Chargers / Converters     |   73 SAE Connectors, Plugs, Sockets & Cords   |   74 IOTA Engineering inverter ballasts   |   75 DC to DC Voltage Converters & Dimmers by Solar Converters   |   76 Universal Generator Starter switch by Solar Converters   |   77 Stranded vs Solid Wire in low voltage systems   |   78 IOTA Engineering Power and Lighting products   |   79 Thin-Lite Ballast Wiring Layouts   |   80 Wire & Cable Gauges and Information   |   81 TriMetric 2030 and SC-2030 Wiring Layout   |   82 DC to DC Voltage Converters   |   83 TriMetric 2030 Battery Monitor Features   |   84 IOTA Engineering DLS Battery Charger Features   |   85 Lighting Systems   |   86 Practical Alternative Energy Applications   |   87 Portable  and Emergency Power Systems   |   88 Custom Cables   |   89 Thin-Lite Special Order Fluorescent Models & Pricing   |   90 Resources for Disaster & Emergency Preparedness   |   91 Thin-Lite Special Order LED Light Models & Pricing   |   93 My solar / photovoltaic history   |   94 Battery Wiring Diagrams   |   95 Battery Condition and State of Charge Charts   |   96 Order Form   |   97 Backup Power?   |   98 Energy Expectations   |   99 Power Needs Worksheet   |   100 Efficiency   |   101 Wire Loss Chart   |   102 Solar Insolation Map / Chart   |   103 SAE Connector Selection   |   104 About Us   |   105 Statement of Policy & Warranty/Returns   |   Contact Us   |   MPPT Charge Controllers - FAQ   |   Battery Equalizer/DC Autotransformers - FAQ   |   Constant Voltage Pump Drivers  - FAQ   |   Linear Current Boosters - FAQ   |   Information   |   1   |   2   |   3   |   4   |   5   |   6   |   7   |   How To Videos and Reference by Quick Cable   |   Home Power Articles   |   R   |   P   |   A   |   B   |   C   |   D

 Back to Top 1 Site Search - Quick Index   |    2 The Realities of Purchasing On-Line   |    3 Why Do Business With Us?   |    4 Distributor of IOTA Engineering, Quick Cable and Thin-Lite products   |    5 Photovoltaics,Batteries, Cable and Wire   |    6 Lumen Outputs of Compact Fluorescent and Incandescent Lights   |    7 48 volt D.C. fluorescent lights   |    8 Low Voltage DC Lights   |    9 Why buy Thin-Lite lights?   |   10 Thin-Lite Emergency Survival Disaster LED lights   |   11 DC Compact Fluorescent Screw-in Ballasts & Tubes   |   12 Educational Pages On This Site.   |   13 Balanced Battery Charging and Dis-Charging by IOTA   |   14 Portable & Emergency Fluorescent Light by Flexcharge   |   15 DC Fluorescent Inverter Ballasts by IOTA Engineering and Montana Light     |   16 Charge Controller Musings   |   17 Bogart Engineering SC-2030 Solar Charge Controller   |   18 PV Solar charge controllers with night lighting load by Flexcharge   |   19 Thinlite Indoor Fluorescent Lights   |   19 A - LED Lighting by Thin-Lite   |   20 Thinlite Outdoor Lights   |   21 Thinlite Replacement Ballasts   |   22 Thinlite Replacement Lens - Diffusers   |   23 Thinlite DC Lighting Products   |   24 DC Lighting   |   Glossary of Alternative Energy Terms   |   25 Parallel and Series Battery Bank Information   |   26 What we sell and why.   |   27 Amps Volts and Watts   |   CHARGE CONTROLLERS   |   28 Emergency and Disaster Preparedness Notes   |   29 Photovoltaic Module & System Wiring - Setting Up A PV System   |   30 Wind - Hydro - Solar Charge Controllers by Flexcharge   |   31 Water and Air Heating Diversion Loads for Charge Controllers   |   32 Maximum Power Point Tracking Solar Charge Controllers by Solar Converters   |   33 Solar Converters, Inc. Charge & Lighting Controllers   |   34 SES Flexcharge Solar Single or Dual Battery Charge Controllers   |   35 Thin-Lite ballast replacement installation guide   |   36 Solar Converters Special Solar and Battery Charging Equipment   |   37 TriMetric Battery System Monitors and Deltec Co. shunts   |   38 Timers,Linear Current Boosters,Photoswitch,Voltage Controlled Switches   |   39 Battery Desulphator by Solar Converters, Inc.   |   40 Solar Converters, Inc. Products   |   41 SES Flexcharge Products   |   42 QuickCable links to instock products   |   43 Thin-Lite products we stock     |   44 DC Fuse & Circuit Breaker Types & Installation   |   45 Switches - DC rated wall switches   |   46 IOTA Engineering IQ4 Smart Charge Controller Owners Manual   |   47 Our own alternative energy systems   |   48 DC Fuses, Holders & Fuse Blocks   |   49 Class T- DC Fuses & Fuse Blocks   |   50 ANN - ANL - CNL DC Fuses & Fuse Blocks   |   51 Inverter Cable and Overcurrent Protection Guide   |   52 Installation and trouble shooting low voltage d.c. lighting   |   53 Diodes - Blocking & Bypass, What do they do?   |   54 Low Voltage D.C. Lighting Tips   |   55 Your On-Line Privacy   |   56 Special Order Lenses for Thin-Lite Fluorescent Lights   |   57 Thin-Lite Special Order replacement ballasts   |   58 Special Order Lenses for Thin-Lite LED Lights   |   BATTERY POST & TERMINAL CONNECTIONS,  ADAPTERS AND BATTERY ACCESSORIES   |   59 Battery Post Marine Conversions & Terminal Extensions   |   60 Battery Post Connectors Conversions Adapters Repair   |   61 Battery Terminal & Post - Cable Lug Covers & Protectors   |   62 Heat Shrink Tubing & Cable Lugs by QuickCable       |   63 Cable Lugs - Compression Connectors - No Crimping & No Soldering   |   64 Heavy Duty Cast Copper Connectors - Lugs   |   65 Cable Lugs - Copper Connectors  - by Quick Cable - MAX   |   66 Cable Lugs - Magna Lug Heavy Duty & Fusion by QuickCable   |   67 Anderson SB Connectors   |   68 Anderson SB Connector Accessories   |   69 Solar Converters Special Order Items   |   70 Thin-Lite LED and Fluorescent Comparisons   |   71 Overview of Our Photovoltaic Systems   |   72 Iota Engineering Battery Chargers / Converters     |   73 SAE Connectors, Plugs, Sockets & Cords   |   74 IOTA Engineering inverter ballasts   |   75 DC to DC Voltage Converters & Dimmers by Solar Converters   |   76 Universal Generator Starter switch by Solar Converters   |   77 Stranded vs Solid Wire in low voltage systems   |   78 IOTA Engineering Power and Lighting products   |   79 Thin-Lite Ballast Wiring Layouts   |   80 Wire & Cable Gauges and Information   |   81 TriMetric 2030 and SC-2030 Wiring Layout   |   82 DC to DC Voltage Converters   |   83 TriMetric 2030 Battery Monitor Features   |   84 IOTA Engineering DLS Battery Charger Features   |   85 Lighting Systems   |   86 Practical Alternative Energy Applications   |   87 Portable  and Emergency Power Systems   |   88 Custom Cables   |   89 Thin-Lite Special Order Fluorescent Models & Pricing   |   90 Resources for Disaster & Emergency Preparedness   |   91 Thin-Lite Special Order LED Light Models & Pricing   |   93 My solar / photovoltaic history   |   94 Battery Wiring Diagrams   |   95 Battery Condition and State of Charge Charts   |   96 Order Form   |   97 Backup Power?   |   98 Energy Expectations   |   99 Power Needs Worksheet   |   100 Efficiency   |   101 Wire Loss Chart   |   102 Solar Insolation Map / Chart   |   103 SAE Connector Selection   |   104 About Us   |   105 Statement of Policy & Warranty/Returns   |   Contact Us   |   MPPT Charge Controllers - FAQ   |   Battery Equalizer/DC Autotransformers - FAQ   |   Constant Voltage Pump Drivers  - FAQ   |   Linear Current Boosters - FAQ   |   Information   |   1   |   2   |   3   |   4   |   5   |   6   |   7   |   How To Videos and Reference by Quick Cable   |   Home Power Articles   |   R   |   P   |   A   |   B   |   C   |   D